Thursday, July 3, 2008

DMing into the Depths of the Oerth, Part 3

CAUTION: This series of articles contains many spoilers concerning the modules D1-3 and should only be read by DMs and those players who will not be actually playing through the series at any time in the future. Failure to observe this caution will lead to a marked lack of enjoyment in the adventures.

D3: The Vault of the Drow

Ah, the masterpiece. It gave us our first comprehensive look at the Drow, and was thus the inspiration for all the work that followed, Drizzt Do'Urden included. The pinnacle (or nadir, perhaps) of the work is the drow city Erelhei Cinlu, the ultimate inspiration for Ed Greenwood's creation Menzoberranzan. It is the last module in the series that Gary Gygax created, and found by many to be vastly superior to the final module in the series, Q1 Queen of the Demonweb Pits (although more about that later). Even the cover (of the monochrome version) is evocative; an evil High Priestess, curved dagger held aloft, is about to send a soul to Lolth (who is hovering overhead) atop a pile of skulls while a Mezzodaemon looks on. Priceless.

There are three minor encounters that lead to the city of the Drow, but in truth only one of them is really necessary to penetrate the capital of the dark elves, and surely if the party has by this time made allies of the subterranean dwellers here, they will know this. (Although it is interesting to note that on the players' map, the second encounter area does not exist; it merely shows a tertiary passage. Surprise!)

Speaking of the players' map, the glyphs that are marked thereupon should not be overlooked, especially as some of them repeat. The map itself is gained in module G3 Hall of the Fire Giant King, and if the PC's are clever in figuring out the clues, they will profit. Three of the are marked with eyes, similar to Egyptian hieroglyphics. The first one was a Drow checkpoint, manned by soldiers. The second is the major cavern in D1, which contains, well, a Drow checkpoint, manned by soldiers. Any guesses as to what the third one will contain? If nothing else, the PC's should put together the fact that there are Drow in the first two encounters, and expect to see them in the third. And encounter them they do.

The main path to the Drow city is a gatehouse, for want of a better word, manned by dozens of Drow soldiers. PC's which have figured out that infiltration tactics work best here will probably have some sort of plan already in place to get past such obstacles, posing as merchants, prisoners, allies, or somesuch. They might have some of the Drow clan emblems, and could bluff their way through the encounter. The DM should allow and even encourage such tactics on the part of the PC's! As I've stressed, it's the best (and perhaps only) way the party can conceivably succeed here. Needless to say, the DM must afford the party the chance to do so here. This is not a combat encounter unless the PC's want it to be! The Drow may very well be on alert for the party (depending on how they have comported themselves hitherto), in which case the sentries and their officers will afford them a much greater level of scrutiny than they otherwise might. A very paranoid group of PC's, seeing the Drow fortification, might even decide to split up and approach it hours apart, figuring the Drow would be looking for a group of eight, rather than two groups of four. The DM should absolutely reward such thinking.

The second encounter area is interesting because it is the only one that is not marked on the players' map. Silussa and her lover have set a bit of a trap for those who want to approach the Drow city via the less-used path. It's a fairly standard set-piece encounter, and one that could be theoretically transported into any setting or dungeon. But note that there is no explanation of the relationship of Silussa and Belgos and the regular Drow establishment; herein lies the path to greatness for a seemingly pedestrian encounter.

Do the Drow of Erelhei-Cinlu know of the cavern so close to their doorstep? How could they not? Why do they allow them to dwell here? Do they value their use as guardians of the "end run" around the standard gateway? Let us not forget that there are many factions within the Drow realm itself. Are Silussa and Belgos allied with the Eilservs faction or the Lolth faction? We know nothing, which leaves the DM free to answer those questions as they best serve his or her own campaign. Is Silussa a servant of Lolth? That could yield some very interesting possibilities, if she finds out that the party is there to thwart the ambitions of the Eilservs (rivals of the worshipers of Lolth, remember). And just what clan did Belgos belong to before he died? That could be vastly significant as well. Again, for the alert DM, there are many possibilities that could turn this seemingly-pedestrian encounter into one which drives the plot forward and is a potential source of either great aid or great hassle for the PC's.

The third encounter area really doesn't lend itself to a furtherance of the plot line, and seems to be included as another way that the PC's can find their resources taxed. Nasty spiders, and a potentially nasty treasure at the end. Given the geography of the map, if the players waste their time getting here, they deserve to get pummeled. It's a classic distraction/drain encounter, and the DM should milk it as such.

We now come to the Vault itself. One interesting note on the geography of the Vault; it is a dead-end, except for the river. No tunnels lead to it other than those stemming from the first (and second) encounter areas. It's a strategic cul-de-sac. I would infer that makes the river all the more valuable as a transportation artery from an economic point of view, and will have a bit to expand on that later. But perhaps it says something of the psychology or geopolitical calculations of the Drow that they would choose to locate their city in a place that was so inaccessible.

This is a module that really rewards a lot of prep work on the part of the DM. A full-blown city map of Erelhei-Cinlu would not be remiss. Bear in mind that the streets are regularly patrolled, but the back alleys are as dangerous as any dungeon. The place is more than a mile in length, and boasts a population of some 25,000 individuals, making it the equal or envy of many cities above ground.

Once the PC's arrive here, they are likely to encounter the inevitable question. "Why are we here?" The answer to that hinges on the question of whether or not they have figured out that only a single faction of the Drow was responsible for the deprivations of the giants, and whether or not they know which one it was. If they still think "the Drow are behind the giants, and we should stop them" then they have effectively declared war on the entire city. Wish them luck, and I hope they have 4d6 handy to roll up new characters.

Every encounter should reinforce the notion that the Drow are riven with division. That doesn't mean that there are allies on every side-- quite the reverse. The Drow version of the old saying could well be stated as "the enemy of my enemy is my tool." Every encounter with a bunch of rakes or a patrol of the Servants of Lolth should be a prime opportunity for the DM to have an NPC make a point of a clan pin pointing to inferior stock, or some ancient rivalry.

It should never be forgotten that the political situation among the Drow is not obvious. House Eilservs was behind the uprising of the giants, as a way of gaining power once their ambitions in the Vault were thwarted. Once the priestesses of Lolth turned against them, they in turn abandoned the worship of Lolth and took up that of the Elder Elemental God (more about whom can be found here).

That sets up a whole dynamic of rivalries, mixed in with religious animosities, which is explained in fair detail in D3. It must be stressed that the DM must give some opportunities for the PC's to get involved in those conflicts, as a way of resolving their own mission. Hiring on to the Eilservs is probably out of the question unless they do so through a third party (and wouldn't THAT be a difficult game to play-- almost more fun than rescuing a bunch of FARC hostages in Columbia), but not impossible.

One can hope that after a short time in the Vault the party will figure out that there is more than one faction amongst the Drow, and that they aren't all behind the giants' campaign on the surface. (Hopefully they will have picked up on enough of the DM's clues that they will have already figured that out before even getting to the Vault.) But even if they do, there are two possibilities that the DM must be prepared for:

1) "We need to stop the Eilservs once and for all, to halt their ambitions against the surface world"

2) "We need to stop the Drow once and for all, because they are evil and are ultimately a threat to the surface world."

The first attitude bears with it the implication that the Drow factions can be parleyed with, and used against other Drow factions. The second attitude implies that the party should be looking for some way to collapse the Vault itself. Think of all the x.p. from killing 25,000 Drow! (For the record, if any DM allows this to happen, he is entitled to a free cock-punch.)

The module, of course, implies the first option. If the PC's seriously contemplate the second, the DM should not forget that the Drow will mobilize against a threat to them all across all faction lines, and in such a case they should be dead in short order. The party can try the second, but unless the DM is being uncommonly generous, it should fail.

Which brings us to the whole question of Lolth's role in this module, and thus the role of Q1. Since Lolth's minions were never a part of the plot to incite the giants to action, it stands to reason that there would not be a reason to visit the Abyss to confront Lolth. If anything, the PC's should be Lolth's allies, at least in the limited sense of opposing the Eilservs. "The enemy of my enemy is my tool," so goes the saying...

I firmly believe that there is no reason to include a trip to the Abyss to confront Lolth. The PC's can achieve their goals (stopping the force behind the giants) by simply trashing the Eilservs and their allies. In fact, the adherents of Lolth might actually help them in doing so, since the Eilservs and the Lolth-worshippers are enemies within the Drow culture.

As DM you must play into all the politics, factionalism, and so forth that the module implies. At the same time, you must allow your players to use that to their advantage. Do so, and you and your players will have a grand time. All the political set-up in the world doesn't mean anything if the PC's can't make use of it.


The 99th Problem said...

I just discovered your blog recently. Very enjoyable analysis!

Sham aka Dave said...

Excellent series on the Depths of the Oerth. I too share your love of The Vault of the Drow. Even back to my young teen years when my group decided to 'take on all the Evil Drow' and failed miserably.

I never, ever ran this module properly. Once I realized this, I was not willing to undertake what I figure to be, deservedly, a TON of work on a module all of my players at the time had played in multiple times.

Perhaps now is the time to insert it (with a reworked plot) into my own campaign.

Brian Murphy said...

I'll echo the comments above: Nice work on your review of the series. I now have an even keener urge to DM GDQ (all I need is a group willing to go back to 1E).

Vault of the Drow to me is the very definition of old-school: At its heart is the Vault, a great location to explore, but it leaves the "why" to the imagination of the DM and the players. As you said, intrigue and deception are the only alternatives to a suicidal frontal assault on the city.

I'd be interesting in hearing your review of Q1. Although it's reviled in some corners, I've always had a soft-spot for that module.

grodog said...

I'm also interested in hearing about Q1, despite it's non-sequitur relationship to D3 :D

Relatedly, Merric Blackman posted a great article on Canonfire! about the GDQ modules, and how Eclavdra plays the PCs as dupes throughout; it's worth checking out:


grodog said...

Also, some excellent resources on developing Erelhei Cinlu appear in Oerth Journal #14 and in Living Greyhawk Journal #s 14 and 16 (both in Dragons 298 and 300).


Greyhawk Grognard said...

Wow, Allan, I had never seen Merrick's idea that Eclavdra might deliberately bring lead the PC's on in order to assassinate Lolth. If I do continue the series on to Q1 (I confess I do love that module, even if it doesn't make sense in the G/D series as written; it has its own uses in and of itself, which I might comment upon), I will certainly mention that interpretation. It's not outside the realm of possibility, but I would say it would be more of an improvisation than even a "plan B".

Sham aka Dave said...

While I enjoy portions of Q1 on it's own merit, and honestly DCS did a great job in making the module truly feel like an otherworldly romp in the Abyss, a small part of me has always felt short-changed that it wasn't penned by Gygax himself. How involved he truly was with the project I might never know, but it just doesn't 'feel' like the GD adventures to me.

Q1 was one of the first modules I adventured in as a youngster at the after school D&D club; it will always have a certain nostalgic feel for me. But I can't help wonder what could've been.

And the fact that it is titled Q1 bothers me. I know all of the modules at that time had a letter-number titling system, but why Q1? Did TSR plan to have more Queen modules later?

Yeah, I'm nitpicky about stupid stuff like that.

Greyhawk Grognard said...

In gathering more material for my own "Greyhawk Lore" project, I came across the following be EGG. I found it fascinating and heartbreaking, since it offers a glimpse into what we missed out on:

"Dave brought into the TSR offices, then at 723 Williams St., a towel that had a marvelous design that was perfect as a demonweb, so that's how he got into the project for creating the Q1 module. My outline for the whole was for a demi-plane outside of the Abyss, a great spiderweb with encounters at junctions along the way to the center, Lolth's abode there in the middle. The PCs would need to gather pieces of an artifact based on the four elements in the web in order to be able to face the demoness and send her packing back to the abyss. Of course, that would have called back the Elder Elemental God from his place of banishment..."

Le sigh.

grodog said...

Hey, cool find Joe: where was that??


Greyhawk Grognard said...

That one came from page 10 of the Enworld EGG Q&A thread.

I do the scores of hours of sifting through messages so you don't have to! ;-)

Greyhawk Lore Project update coming soon, btw. I just need to work out a couple of formatting issues with my new office suite,

Delta said...

Found this when Joseph Bloch kindly linked to it after I wrote of recently running D-adventures myself (7 years after you wrote it). I find this interesting interpretive work, but I think I'm a lot more troubled by the series now.

The key for me is: How did it run in original tournament play? Surely the players weren't expected to negotiate with the Drow and just walk through all the encounter areas (D1-3). My assumption is that in that play, the Drow really do immediately ambush the PCs at every opportunity. Their primary ability is hiding and move in shadows silently, and to give that up in order to parley (likely in the PC's light) seems to violate the very essence of the monster creation.

Furthermore, while we can draw a thread that the Eilservs should really be the PCs target, there is no info on their stronghold or defenses given in D3; rather, there is the detailed Fane to Lolth instead. I think we know from historical play reports that the tournament featured segments attacking the outer encounter areas, and then a final round definitely attacking the Fane.

So while we might create fan fiction to explain this as manipulations by the Eilservs, my interpretation these days is that D1-3 is initially a straightforward tournament assault against Lolth, with a few later political factionalisms thrown in, that aren't entirely self-consistent. I think it's a lot less work to interpret it that way than to "fix" it (assume Drow give up defenses and parley with humans, ignore the Fane, develop new Eilservs compound, etc.) based on a few very sketchy suggestions of opportunity for factional play.

Joseph Bloch said...

Unfortunately, Delta, Gygax stated flatly that the Eilservs and their Elder Elemental God were indeed intended to be the primary villain. It was the fouling up of Q1 that messed up with the final denouement.

The PCs were expected to travel to Lolth's plane in the Abyss, where she had the keys to the EEG's prison, and stop them both somehow.

Delta said...

I did read that, but was that in the basket of ideas added post-tournament encounter design? My reading of those comments is that even Gygax couldn't figure out how that was really workable, and seemed to contribute to his giving up on the Q1 project.

Joseph Bloch said...

It's actually the other way around. D1-3 was actually playtested as part of Gygax's original campaign, and after his players demurred to actually tackle the Vault, then turned into the tournament modules.

I've never read any accounts of how the modules were actually run at GenCon XI.

Honestly, though, I'm not so interested in that as how they can be used as published, which is to say as adventures to be integrated with a campaign.

Delta said...

Interesting if that's the case; I do wish we had original tournament materials. I think we share the same intent to make it usefully playable, it's just that based on my recent play I think it might be easier to go in the other direction (strip out the hints of political faction and avoid rewriting the conclusion of D3 and all of Q1). Thanks for addressing it.